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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 140-143

An insight into flapless implant placement technique


Department of Prosthodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Shibu Job
Department of Prosthodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai-600 095
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4052.49017

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Routine surgical procedure for the placement of dental implants involves the reflection of a mucoperiosteal flap, thereby exposing vital and viable bone to the external environment. This practice of reflection of flap has evolved from periodontal and surgical procedures involving treatment of osseous defects and fractures, treatment of tumors, removal of impacted tooth, or fragments or other pathologies. Many authors have consistently reported resorption of the bone following flap reflection. Therefore, when the highly successful treatment modality of replacement of tooth with a biocompatible dental implant-supported prosthesis is to be planned, maximum attention should be focused on minimizing the trauma to the supporting bone and surrounding soft tissues. This article reviews one approach of implant placement with this requirement in mind, i.e. the placement of implants without the elevation of a mucoperiosteal flap, or so called flapless implant surgery.


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