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CLINICAL REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 112-115

Temporomandibular joint pain treated by occlusal appliance therapy


1 Department of Prosthodontics, Dr Z. A. Dental College (AMU) Aligarh, U.P., India
2 Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, U.P., India

Correspondence Address:
Saurabh Lall
Dr. Lall's Dental Centre, 20-A Rajpur Road, Civil Lines, Delhi - 110 054
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4052.55257

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The temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) consists of three basic components: The TMJ, the teeth, and the neuromuscular component. The neuromuscular system consists of nerves and muscles which help in the functioning of the TMJ. The nerves transmit messages to the muscles for jaw functioning. They also transmit pain signals to the brain causing discomfort. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) occur in many forms and varying degrees of severity. The symptoms of TMD can be an obvious jaw pain in the muscles, but can also exhibit as headache at the temporal region. Patients often feel this symptom as a tension or a sinus headache. Patients understandably fail to make this connection between TMD and headaches. Sometimes the symptoms may also be found in other facial structures; such as dull ear pain, toothache, and neck pain, etc. The pain of TMD can arise from either the muscles or the TMJ itself; or a combination of the two. TMD conditions are not "cured" but are managed instead. The goal of treatment is to allow the muscles and joints to heal through rest and care. Often damage to the joint itself cannot be reversed, but the body can often heal it enough to return to function without pain. The basic philosophy of treatment is to do the conservative and reversible treatments first. Irreversible procedures, such as surgery or orthodontics are only considered if conservative steps have failed to bring relief. Through this paper, we intend to present the successful results that can be achieved in patients with TMJ pain through conservative Occlusal Splint Therapy.


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