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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-130

Vertical and horizontal proportions of the face and their correlation to phi among Indians in Moradabad population: A survey

1 B.D.S, M.D.S (Prosthodontics and Implantology), Delhi, India
2 Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 HOD and Principal, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Shruti Anand
D-29, Lajpat Nagar-I, New Delhi - 110 024
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4052.155033

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Purpose: The purpose was to examine the existence of divine proportions among the Indian faces in Moradabad population. Materials and Methods: Totally, 100 patients (50 males; 50 females) aged 25-45 years were selected for the study. All facial photographs were analyzed based on the method of Ricketts assessing the divine proportions in vertical and transverse facial planes. Six horizontal and seven vertical ratios were determined, which were then compared with the phi ratio. Results: The horizontal ratio results showed that three male and female ratios were not significantly different from each other (P > 0.05), and interchilion/nose width ratio was highly significant (P < 0.001). The horizontal mean ratios for females as well as males were highly significant from the phi ratio (P < 0.001) except for interchilion/interdacryon ratio, which was significant (P < 0.05) for females and not significant (P > 0.05) for males. The vertical ratio results showed that there was a highly significant difference (P < 0.001) for forehead height/stomion-soft menton ratio and no significant difference for two ratios between the mean ratios of males and females. All the vertical mean ratios for both the groups were highly significant (P < 0.001), except for the intereye-soft menton/intereye-stomion ratio, which was significant (P < 0.05) for female group and not significant (P > 0.05) for the male group. Conclusion: Although, the golden proportion is a prominent and recurring theme in esthetics, it should not be embraced as the only method by which human beauty is measured to the exclusion of others factors.

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