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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 226-232

A cephalometric analysis of Class II dentate subjects to establish a formula to determine the occlusal plane in Class II edentate subjects: A neo adjunct

1 Senior Lecturer, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India
2 Professor, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India
3 Head of the Department, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Nikita Sinha
Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Hyderabad, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_21_17

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Purpose: Occlusal plane (OP) differs considerably in participants with skeletal Class I and Class II participants. In this study, cephalometrics has been used to help in the determination of orientation of the OP utilizing the nonresorbable bony anatomic landmarks in skeletal Class II participants and an attempt has been made to predict and examine the OP in individuals with skeletal class II jaw relationship. Materials and Methods: One hundred dentulous participants with skeletal Class II malocclusion who came to the hospital for correcting their jaw relationship participated in the study. Their right lateral cephalogram was taken using standardized procedures, and all the tracings were manually done by a single trained examiner. The cephalograms which were taken for the diagnostic purpose were utilized for the study, and the patient was not exposed to any unnecessary radiation. The numerical values obtained from the cephalograms were subjected to statistical analysis. Pearson's correlation of <0.001 was considered significant, and a linear regression analysis was performed to determine a formula which would help in the determination of orientation of the OP in Class II edentulous participants. Results: Pearson's correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis were performed, and a high correlation was found between A2 and (A2 + B2)/(B2 + C2) with “r” value of 0.5. A medium correlation was found between D2 and (D2 + E2)/(E2 + F2) with “r” value of 0.42. The formula obtained for posterior reference frame through linear regression equation was y = 0.018* × +0.459 and the formula obtained for anterior reference frame was y1 = 0.011* × 1 + 0.497. It was hypothesized that by substituting these formulae in the cephalogram obtained from the Class II edentate individual, the OP can be obtained and verified. Conclusion: It was concluded that cephalometrics can be useful in examining the orientation of OP in skeletal Class II participants.

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