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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 239-249

Comparison of resistance to fracture between three types of permanent restorations subjected to shear force: An in vitro study

1 Department of Stomatology and Dentistry, Erasmus Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
2 Department of Stomatology and Dentistry, Erasmus Hospital, Laboratory of Physiology and Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Medicine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium

Correspondence Address:
Sibel Cetik
CP 604, 808 Route de Lennik, 1070 Brussels
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_24_17

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Introduction: Our study's objective was to compare resistance to fracture between endocrown and conventional post and core restorations when subjected to shear force. Materials and Methods: Thirty human mandibular premolars were extracted for orthodontic reasons, endodontically treated, and restored using three different methods: endocrown, glass fiber post and composite resin core, and metal post. All the crowns were made from IPS e.max ceramic. Shear forces were applied to these restorations using a test machine until breakage. Load and displacement were recorded every 0.1 s. Results: No significant difference was observed in resistance to fracture between glass fiber post and metal post. No relationship between the displacement of prosthetic dental system and type of material used was uncovered and by comparing the type of fracture with the restoration material used. However, a greater number of favorable fractures were observed in the glass fiber group whereas most of the fractures in the endocrown and metal post groups were unfavorable. Conclusion: Endocrown displays better resistance to fracture compared to conventional post and core restorations. In addition, endocrown did not show more displacement or cause more unfavorable fractures than the conventional restorations. This restoration may represent a reliable alternative for restoring a damaged, endodontically treated tooth.

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