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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 102-107

Comparison of marginal and internal adaptation of copings fabricated from three different fabrication techniques: An in vitro study

Department of Prosthodontics, J.N Kapoor, DAV (C) Dental College, Yamuanagar, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Avneet Yadav
Department of Prosthodontics, Room No. 5, J.N Kapoor, DAV (C) Dental College, Model Town, Yamuna Nagar - 135 001, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_327_17

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Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the marginal and internal adaptation of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) copings fabricated from conventional wax pattern, three-dimensional (3D)-printed resin pattern, and laser sintering technique. Materials and Methods: A total of thirty copings were made, out of which ten copings were made from 3D-printed resin pattern (Group A), ten from inlay wax pattern (Group B), and ten copings were obtained from direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) technique (Group C). All the thirty samples were seated on their respective dies and sectioned carefully using a laser jet cutter and were evaluated for marginal and internal gaps at the predetermined areas using a stereomicroscope. The values were then analyzed using one-way ANOVA test and post hoc Bonferroni test. Results: One-way ANOVA showed lowest mean marginal discrepancy for DMLS and highest value for copings fabricated from inlay wax. The values for internal discrepancy were highest for DMLS (169.38) and lowest for 3D-printed resin pattern fabricated copings (133.87). Post hoc Bonferroni test for both marginal and internal discrepancies showed nonsignificant difference when Group A was compared to Group B (P > 0.05) and significant when Group A was compared with Group C (P < 0.05). Group B showed significant difference (P < 0.05) when compared with Group C. Conclusion: Marginal and internal discrepancies of all the three casting techniques were within clinically acceptable values. Marginal fit of DMLS was superior as compared to other two techniques, whereas when internal fit was evaluated, conventional technique showed the best internal fit.

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