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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 283-289

Evaluation of peri-implant condition in periodontally compromised patients

1 Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, São Paulo State University (Unesp), São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil
2 Department of Periodontics, Federal University of Espiírito Santo (Ufes), Vitoíria, ES, Brazil
3 Department of Dentistry, Caririense Postgraduate Center, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil
4 Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Espiírito Santo (Ufes), Vitoíria, ES, Brazil
5 Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Governador Valadares, MG, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Guilherme Da Rocha Scalzer Lopes
Av. Engenheiro Francisco José Longo, 555, Jardim São Dimas, São José dos Campos, SP, CEP: 12245-000
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_197_19

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Aims: The aim of the study is to evaluate the profile of peri-implant tissues in periodontally compromised patients. Settings and Design: In vivo – cross sectional study design. Materials and Methods: Fifty-eight implants were evaluated, clinically and radiographically, installed in seven individuals treated by the same team of professionals, during the years 1997 and 2005 in a private dental clinic in Vitória, ES, Brazil; that time of data collection, all implants were at least 10 years of functional loading. The variables related to the dental implants evaluated were: visible Plaque Index, Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), probing pocket depth, bleeding on probing, and bone level, to relate them to the classification of dental implants. Statistical Analysis Used: The Chi-square and Kruskal–Wallis test were adopted. Results: The total of 58 implants were classified: 11 (18.9%) as healthy and 12 (20.7%) as clinically stable. The other 35 implants (60.4%) had some type of peri-implant inflammation, 20 of them (34.5%) were diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis and 15 (25.9%) with peri-implantitis. Among the variables studied, the results showed statistically significant differences for implant location (P = 0.001) and GBI (P = 0.03). Most of the maxillary implants (85.7%) were classified for some type of peri-implant disease. For the implants which resulted in Score 1 for GBI, most of them (75.0%) were also classified for some type of peri-implant disease. Conclusions: Dental implants placed in periodontally compromised patients may have high long-term survival rates. However, most implants were classified with some type of peri-implant inflammation.

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