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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 202-207

In vitro fracture resistance of zirconia, glass-fiber, and cast metal posts with different lengths

Department of Prosthodontics, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rahul Shyamrao Kulkarni
703 – B, Satsang II Apartments, Poonam Sagar Complex, Mira Road (E), Thane - 401 107, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_321_19

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Aim: Post-and-core restorations require sufficient length of the post for retention of the prosthesis and root strength. The effect of different lengths of prefabricated zirconia posts (ZPs) on the fracture strength of endodontically treated teeth needs evaluation. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro fracture resistance of endodontically treated incisors restored with ZP, glass-fiber (GFP), and cast posts (CP) of different lengths. Settings and Design: Comparative in-vitro study. Materials and Methods: Sixty extracted incisors were endodontically treated, tooth preparations were carried out, and the impression of the coronal portion of each prepared tooth was made using polyvinyl siloxane impression material loaded in copper tubes. The coronal portion of each tooth was removed, maintaining a 2 mm ferrule. The teeth were restored with one of the three posts: CPs, GFP, or ZPs, with intraradicular lengths of either 6 or 8 mm (n = 10). The CP and core patterns were fabricated using post space impressions and core buildup and cast using Nickel–Chromium alloy. After composite resin core buildup of GFP and ZPs treated teeth using the previously made copper tube impressions, the teeth were loaded to fracture in an oblique direction in the universal testing machine. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey–Kramer tests (α = 0.05). Results: The highest and lowest values of fracture resistance were reported with ZP8 and GFP6 groups, respectively. There was no significant difference in fracture resistance between the posts of length 6 mm and 8 mm in CP, GFP, and ZP groups. There was no significant difference (P = 0.953) in fracture resistance between CP (284.8 N) and ZP (258.31 N) groups, while the GFP group (160.61 N) had a significantly lower value of fracture resistance than the CP and ZP groups. Two-way ANOVA test for fracture resistance of the post systems and post lengths showed that there was no significant correlation between the post systems and post length on the fracture resistance. There was a greater percentage of favorable fractures in GFP and ZP groups (65% each), than the CP group (20%). Conclusion: For the post systems tested, extending the post length does not significantly increase the fracture resistance of the restored teeth. The ZP represents a viable alternative to the cast metal post during the esthetic restoration of endodontically treated anterior teeth.

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