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REVIEW
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 109-115

Effect of complete dentures on oral stereognostic ability in edentulous patients: A systematic review


Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Atul Bhatnagar
Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Near Trauma Centre-BHU, Lanka, Varanasi - 221 005, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_401_20

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Aim: Oral stereognosis is an important sensation for a human being to percept any type of materials that are introduced in the oral cavity. It is defined as the ability of an individual to recognize objects using only tactile sensation without using vision, audition, balance, somatic function, taste, or smell. The primary purpose of this review was to evaluate the effect of complete dentures on oral stereognostic ability in edentulous subjects. Settings and Design: Systematic review based on PRISMA guidelines. Materials and Methods: A systematic search of the electronic databases like PubMed and Web of Science was done using keywords – “stereognosis,” “oral stereognosis,” “complete denture,” and “complete edentulism.” In addition to this, a manual search of references mentioned in the articles and gray literature was done. Data extraction and assessment were done by two independent reviewers. Statistical Analysis Used: Qualitative analysis. Results: The literature search yielded a total of 61 articles. Thirteen duplicate articles were removed and 36 articles were rejected after initial screening of titles and abstracts. A total of 12 articles were selected for full text reading and 5 of them were included for qualitative analysis. Conclusion: All the included studies showed complete denture treatment therapy improved stereognostic ability in terms of correct identification of test pieces and time taken to identify the objects. There is also a direct relationship between the adaptability of dentures and stereognostic ability.


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