CATEGORY: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2020 | Volume
: 20 | Issue : 5 | Page : 5-
Correlation between radiomorphometric indices and alveolar bone loss in edentulous arches: An Indian perspective
Govt. Dental College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
|How to cite this article:|
Dwivedi H. Correlation between radiomorphometric indices and alveolar bone loss in edentulous arches: An Indian perspective.J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2020;20:5-5
|How to cite this URL:|
Dwivedi H. Correlation between radiomorphometric indices and alveolar bone loss in edentulous arches: An Indian perspective. J Indian Prosthodont Soc [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Feb 26 ];20:5-5
Available from: https://www.j-ips.org/text.asp?2020/20/5/5/306353
Introduction: Objectives: To assess the influence of gender and age on different parameters of alveolar bone loss using orthopantomogram, which could help in identifying patients with low BMD so that further treatment could be initiated early and thus to prevent pathologic fracture.
Methodology: Eighty subjects were enrolled in the study (20 dentate and 60 completely edentulous), fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Completely edentulous subjects were divided into four groups (15males & 15females above 60yrs) and (15males & 15 females below 60yrs). Dentate group comprised of twenty subjects (10 male &10 female) in between 41-75 yrs. After taking panoramic radiographs, vertical as well as horizontal reference lines were drawn. The parameters used for evaluation included mandibular cortical index (MCI), inferior mandibular cortical width (MCW), panoramic mandibular index (PMI), alveolar bone loss (ABL), bone height at mandibular first premolar (Hp) and bone height at mandibular first molar (Hm).
Result: There was significant association between MCI and age for females. MCW was stable in all groups except in females above 60 yrs of age. PMI and ABL, the average values of bone height (Hm and Hp) were non-significant for age and gender
Conclusion: Panoramic radiographic measurements could provide much valuable information and could help in evaluating patients with low BMD with few limitations